Measurables

Here’s a good list of the baserunning times for elite level softball players (college and national teams).  These should help give you a better idea as to the speed of your players.

BASERUNNING TIMES: (times are from a standing start at home – not a swing – if you use a swing it will be about .5 seconds slower)

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is image.png

Set swing baseline with a bat swing sensor and swing video.  For every 5mph of bat speed, the ball will travel 25 additional feet. The coaches at the OU camp highly recommended using a bat swing sensor and have all their players using one. A simple Google search will show a number of bat swing sensors, but this is the one we use and have found to be quite useful. It also might be the only one where the hitter can just flip the bat up and read the display, where, with most others, the display is only read through the app on your phone.

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is bat_speed.png

How do you test softball measurables?

The National Fastpitch Coaches Association (NFCA) has developed a series of testing measurables to help coaches evaluate athletic ability on the softball field. While the NFCA’s softball measurables do not replace in-person skill evaluation, they can lead to recruiting opportunities for athletes across the country regardless of access to top-level travel teams, geographic locations, resources and other factors.

Fastball velocity (for pitchers): Throw fastest pitch three times. Record all three attempts with a radar gun. If a pitch misses the readable area, it counts as an attempt, but is not recorded as a valid speed.

Changeup velocity (for pitchers): Throw off-speed pitch three times. Use a radar gun to record all three attempts. If a pitch misses the readable area, it counts as an attempt, but is not recorded as a valid speed.

RPM (for pitchers): Throw curveball or another movement pitch three times. Record with a RevFire gun to measure revolutions per minute (RPM) and velocity. If a pitch misses the readable area, it counts as an attempt, but is not recorded as a valid speed.

Pop time (for catchers): Start with catching arm extended and ball in glove. Both feet should be squarely on the line behind home plate. Start stopwatch on first move, stop when ball hits glove/net at second base. Record the three best times out of six attempts.

Overhand throw velocity: Shuffle and throw 60 feet from behind the line. Record with radar gun from behind thrower. Take the three best times out of six attempts.

Ball exit speed (off bat): Batter hits ball on tee into a net. Measure ball’s exit speed from behind the batter. Take the three best times out of five attempts and calculate the average exit speed of all valid hits.

Pro agility shuttle: Position three cones five yards apart in a straight line. Begin in the middle, touching center cone. Start stopwatch when hand leaves center cone, stop when runner returns back to center cone after touching both lateral side cones—right hand on right-side cone, left hand on left-side cone. Sprint through center line to test both directions and average. Record two runs to determine fastest time.

20-yard sprint: Run 60 feet to measure speed from home plate to first base. Assume ready position behind line and start stopwatch when first foot hits the ground after start. Stop when any part of runner crosses finish line. Record two runs to determine fastest time.

Vertical jump: Standing next to a wall, keep feet flat on the ground and reach upwards with the hand closest to the wall. Mark the point of the fingertips to determine standing reach height. Next, stand away from the wall and leap vertically using arms and legs to project upwards. Touch the wall at the highest point to mark jump height. Subtract standing reach height from jump height to determine vertical jump score. Record the best of three attempts.

Back to Top ^

Related Articles

Back to Top ^

What softball measurables do college coaches look for in a pitcher?

Division 1

  • Pitch velocity: 63+ MPH
  • Command of at least 4 pitches: fastball, changeup, multiple movement pitches
  • ERA: below 2.50
  • Strikeouts: 1 or more per inning pitched
  • Walks: 1-2 per game or fewer

Division 2

  • Pitch velocity: 58+ MPH
  • Command of at least 3 pitches: fastball, changeup, curveball or slider
  • ERA: below 3.00
  • Strikeouts: 1 per inning pitched
  • Walks: 1 per 2 innings pitched or fewer

Division 3 and NAIA

  • Pitch velocity: 55+ MPH
  • Command of at least 3 pitches: fastball, changeup, curveball or slider
  • ERA: Below 3.50
  • Strikeout to walk ratio of 1:1

Junior College

  • Pitch velocity: 54+ MPH
  • Command of at least 2 pitches and developing another
  • ERA: below 4.00
  • Strikeout to walk ratio of 1:1

Back to Top ^

What softball measurables do college coaches look for in a catcher?

Division 1

  • Overhand throw velocity: 63+ MPH
  • Pop time: 1.8 seconds
  • Home to 1B: 2.9 seconds
  • Batting average: .300 or higher
  • Home runs: 1+
  • RBIs: 10+
  • Fielding percentage: .990
  • Caught stealing percentage: 40% or higher

Division 2

  • Overhand throw velocity: 58-60 MPH
  • Pop time: 1.9 seconds
  • Home to 1B: 3.1 seconds
  • Batting average: .285 or higher
  • Home runs: 1+
  • RBIs: 8+
  • Fielding percentage: .975+
  • Caught stealing percentage: 35% or higher

Division 3 and NAIA

  • Overhand throw velocity: 55+ MPH
  • Pop time: 2.1 seconds
  • Home to 1B: 3.3 seconds
  • Batting average: .270 or higher
  • Home runs: 1+
  • RBIs: 5+
  • Fielding percentage: .970+
  • Caught stealing percentage: 30% or higher

Junior College

  • Overhand throw velocity: 50-55 MPH
  • Pop time: 2.1 seconds
  • Home to 1B: 3.3 seconds
  • Batting average: .250 or higher
  • Home runs: 1+
  • RBIs: 5+
  • Fielding percentage: .960+
  • Caught stealing percentage: 25% or higher

Back to Top ^

What softball measurables do college coaches look for at first base?

Division 1

  • Home to 1B: 3.0 seconds
  • Overhand throw velocity: 60+ MPH
  • Batting average: .330+
  • Home runs: 2+
  • RBIs: 20+
  • OBP: .415+
  • Fielding percentage: .990

Division 2

  • Home to 1B: 3.1 seconds
  • Overhand throw velocity: 58+ MPH
  • Batting average: .315+
  • Home runs: 2+
  • RBIs: 18+
  • OBP: .390+
  • Fielding percentage: .980

Division 3 and NAIA

  • Home to 1B: 3.1 seconds or lower
  • Overhand throw velocity: 55+ MPH
  • Batting average: .290+
  • Home runs: 1+
  • RBIs: 15+
  • OBP: .380+
  • Fielding percentage: .970

Junior College

  • Home to 1B: 3.2 seconds or lower
  • Overhand throw velocity: 55+ MPH
  • Batting average: .280+
  • Home runs: 1+
  • RBIs: 12+
  • OBP: .370+
  • Fielding percentage: .970

Back to Top ^

What softball measurables do college coaches look for at third base?

Division 1

  • Home to 1B: 2.9 seconds
  • Overhand throw velocity: 60+ MPH
  • Batting average: .320+
  • Home runs: 2+
  • RBIs: 20+
  • OBP: .400+
  • Fielding percentage: .980

Division 2

  • Home to 1B: 3.0 seconds
  • Overhand throw velocity: 58+ MPH
  • Batting average: .300+
  • Home runs: 1+
  • RBIs: 15+
  • OBP: .380+
  • Fielding percentage: .970

Division 3 and NAIA

  • Home to 1B: 3.1 seconds or lower
  • Overhand throw velocity: 55+ MPH
  • Batting average: .280+
  • Home runs: 1+
  • RBIs: 12+
  • OBP: .360+
  • Fielding percentage: .970

Junior College

  • Home to 1B: 3.2 seconds or lower
  • Overhand throw velocity: 55+ MPH
  • Batting average: .270+
  • Home runs: 1+
  • RBIs: 10+
  • OBP: .360+
  • Fielding percentage: .960

Back to Top ^

What softball measurables do college coaches look for in a middle infielder?

Division 1

  • Home to 1B: 2.8 seconds or lower
  • Overhand throw velocity: 62+ MPH
  • Batting average: .300+
  • Home runs: 1+
  • RBIs: 10+
  • Stolen bases: 5-7
  • Fielding percentage: .990

Division 2

  • Home to 1B: 2.9 seconds or lower
  • Overhand throw velocity: 60+ MPH
  • Batting average: .280+
  • Home runs: 1+
  • RBIs: 7+
  • Stolen bases: 3-5
  • Fielding percentage: .980

Division 3 and NAIA

  • Home to 1B: 3.0 seconds or lower
  • Overhand throw velocity: 58+ MPH
  • Batting average: .270+
  • Home runs: 0-1
  • RBIs: 5+
  • Stolen bases: 2-4
  • Fielding percentage: .970

Junior College

  • Home to 1B: 3.2 seconds or lower
  • Overhand throw velocity: 55+ MPH
  • Batting average: .260+
  • Home runs: 0-1
  • RBIs: 5+
  • Stolen bases: 2-4
  • Fielding percentage: .960

Back to Top ^

What softball measurables do college coaches look for in a center fielder?

Division 1

  • Home to 1B: 2.8 seconds or lower
  • Overhand throw velocity: 62+ MPH
  • Batting average: .330+
  • Home runs: 2+
  • RBIs: 15+
  • Stolen bases: 5-7
  • Runs scored: 18+
  • OBP: .450+
  • Fielding percentage: .990

Division 2

  • Home to 1B: 2.9 seconds or lower
  • Overhand throw velocity: 60+ MPH
  • Batting average: .310+
  • Home runs: 1+
  • RBIs: 10+
  • Stolen bases: 3-7
  • Runs scored: 14+
  • OBP: .410+
  • Fielding percentage: .980

Division 3 and NAIA

  • Home to 1B: 3.1 seconds or lower
  • Overhand throw velocity: 58+ MPH
  • Batting average: .300+
  • Home runs: 0-1
  • RBIs: 8+
  • Stolen bases: 2-4
  • Runs scored: 12+
  • OBP: .390+
  • Fielding percentage: .970

Junior College

  • Home to 1B: 3.2 seconds or lower
  • Overhand throw velocity: 58+ MPH
  • Batting average: .280+
  • Home runs: 0-1
  • RBIs: 8+
  • Stolen bases: 2-3
  • Runs scored: 10+
  • OBP: .375+
  • Fielding percentage: .970

Back to Top ^

What softball measurables do college coaches look for in a corner outfielder?

Division 1

  • Home to 1B: 2.9 seconds or lower
  • Overhand throw velocity: 62+ MPH
  • Batting average: .310+
  • Home runs: 2+
  • RBIs: 18-20+
  • Stolen bases: 4-5
  • OBP: .400+
  • Fielding percentage: .990<.li>

Division 2

  • Home to 1B: 3.0 seconds or lower
  • Overhand throw velocity: 60+ MPH
  • Batting average: .290+
  • Home runs: 1+
  • RBIs: 15+
  • Stolen bases: 2-4
  • OBP: .370+
  • Fielding percentage: .980

Division 3 and NAIA

  • Home to 1B: 3.1 seconds or lower
  • Overhand throw velocity: 58+ MPH
  • Batting average: .280+
  • Home runs: 1+
  • RBIs: 10+
  • Stolen bases: 2-3
  • OBP: .350+
  • Fielding percentage: .970

Junior College

  • Home to 1B: 3.2 seconds or lower
  • Overhand throw velocity: 55+ MPH
  • Batting average: .270+
  • Home runs: 1+
  • RBIs: 8+
  • Stolen bases: 1-3
  • OBP: .350+
  • Fielding percentage: .970